A traffic accident
Road accident or car accident is an unforeseen event and alien to the human factor that alters the normal or expected movement of road displacement. Especially is that event in which damage is caused to a person or thing, suddenly caused by an involuntary external agent. The damage caused to a person or material, in a certain route of mobilization or transport, due (mostly or generally) to external and unforeseen factors that contribute to the risky, negligent or irresponsible action of a driver, such as mechanical failures sudden, unfavorable environmental conditions (earthquakes or sudden and sudden climatic changes) and crossing of animals during traffic or even the fall of a tree due to strong winds on the street or highway.
incident or road incident
It is that collision between one or more sectors of the road (pedestrians, cyclists, cars, buses, trucks, tractors) in which if there are victims (both with minor or serious injuries) it is redefined as road aggression, if it occurs with material damage It is called “traffic damage.” These are not random or unpredictable, and are usually accompanied by co-responsibilities, such as lack of adequate signage, lack of street lighting or poor construction of an avenue, lack of planning or the execution of poorly planned projects, lack of responsibility when driving (driving while intoxicated, using the cell phone while driving or driving at high speed).
Although, in the majority of the accidents the guilt is not generalized, although there is no intention to hurt there is fault. For example, a drunk driver runs over pedestrians, however he knows it is illegal to drive in that state as well as being in an ethyl state reduces his maneuvering abilities, so the road event is no longer unpredictable or unavoidable.
Types of traffic incidents
One can only speak of an involuntary incident when referring to the passive part of the action, that is, who is involved in a traffic accident without being able to avoid it. Because, except for the intervention of nature, or to physiological organic processes of the human being, a large part of the claims are preventable and avoidable. A smaller percentage of them are due to vehicle manufacturing failures, which does not exclude attributing them a “conscious human error.” Subsequent investigations of these “incidents” have corroborated this claim. Traffic events have different scales of severity, the most serious type is considered that of which fatalities result, lowering the severity scale when there are serious injuries, minor injuries, and the one that causes material damage to the affected vehicles. Accidents can also be classified according to the number and type of vehicles involved, according to this category we could classify accidents in the following categories:
- Track exits, rollover and loss of control
- Collisions between two vehicles
- Multiple or chain collisions
There is always a triggering cause that produces a road event, which can be aggravated considerably if other people are affected by it, in addition to the person who triggers it. Likewise, an accident can be aggravated if the preventive means that do not prevent it but have reduced its severity have not been properly used. For example, do not wear a seat belt5 or do not wear a helmet if you are riding a motorcycle.
The causes of accidents usually occur mainly due to the following factors:
- Human factor: Human factors are the cause of the highest percentage of traffic events. They can become aggravating to the guilt of the causative driver, according to the transit legislation of each country.
- Driving under the influence of alcohol (greater causality of road events), medicines and narcotics. 6
- Perform reckless and omission maneuvers by the driver.
- Make overtaking in prohibited places (very serious frontal crash).
- Disobeying traffic signals, for example passing a red light or not stopping in front of a stop sign.
- Drive on the opposite lane (in a curve or in a change of grade).
- Driving at excessive speed (producing overturns, leaving the car from the road, skidding).
- Inappropriate use of vehicle lights, especially at night.
- Unfit physical and mental / emotional health conditions of the driver or pedestrian (blindness, color blindness, deafness, etc.).
- Pedestrians crossing risky places with the intention of hurting themselves, throw slippery objects into the traffic lane (oils, stones).
- Inexperience of the driver at the wheel.
- Driver fatigue as a result of apnea or lack of sleep.7
- Driving distracted by using the mobile when driving, 8 etc …
- Mechanical factor:
- Vehicle in conditions not suitable for operation (broken systems such as brakes, steering or suspension).
- Improper maintenance of the vehicle.
- Climatic factor and others:
- Fog, humidity, landslides, unstable areas, subsidence.
- Traffic light malfunctioning.
- Road conditions (cracks, gaps, obstacles without signaling)